Reporting imperatives and requests Hakkında Bilgi
EMİR VE İSTEK CÜMLELERİNİN DOLAYLI KONUŞMADAKİ DURUMU
Hiç ingilizce bilmeyenlere genel ingilizceden başlayarak YDS,IELTS,PROFICIENCY,TOEFL gibi akademik sınavlara özel derslerle öğrenciler hazırlanır.
Emir cümlelerinin dolaylı konuşmada ( indirect speech) nasıl kullanılacağı hakkındaki bu bilgilerin bu konuda yeterli bir bilgi verebildiğine inanıyoruz. Umarım doyurucu olmuştur.
Study the examples.
Mrs. White to Rose : Brush your hair. (1) (direct)
Mrs. White told Rose to brush her hair. (indirect)
Mrs White to Rose : Dont go out without brushing your hair next time. (2)
Mrs White told Rose not to go out without brushing her hair next time.
Anne to her mother : Mum, please take me to the funfair. (3) (direct)
Anne asked her mother to take her to the funfair. (indirect)
Anne to her mother : Please dont say ‘No’ Mum.(4) (direct)
Anne asked her mother not to say ‘No’ (indirect)
As seen above, while reporting an affirmative imperative, we use to+verb (1). If the imperative is negative, we use not to+verb. (2) Requests are reported int he same way, but we use ask as a reporting verb instead of tell. (3,4)
NOTE: While reporting imperatives, we can also use order, command, warn, etc. according to the situation.
Exercise 1. Report the following imperatives and requests.
1 Manager to secretary : Please finish typing the letters today.
2 Nancy to children : Dont play with this dog.
3 Teacher to students : Cover your books and notebooks.
4 Employer to workers : Dont leave the tools on the floor.
5 Judy to daughter : Make your bed.
6 Policeman to the driver : Pull over to the side of the road.
7 Policeman to suspect : Puy your hands up and dont move.
8 Jack to daughter : Please make a cup of coffee for me.
9 Teacher to students : Please dont drop pieces of paper on the floor.
10 Tom to son : Dont bite your nails.
11 Mary to daughter : Come home straightaway after school.
12 Tim to wife : Please prepare dinner a bit earlier today.
13 Bob to son : Dont swear all the time.
14 Rose to her brother : Please turn that music down.
15 Assistant to customer : Please try this jacket on.