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The present perfect tense

The present perfect Tense Hakkında Bilgi

 The present perfect Tense; Örnek Alışturmalar

 

1 –   İngilizce Özel ders ( Bireysel – İngilizce Özel ders )
2 –   İngilizce Özel ders – 4 kişilik gruplarla yapılan  İngilizce Özel ders )

The present perfect tense

Study  the examples.

She has been ill for a week. (1)
= She got ill a week ago and she is still ill.

He has drunk a bottle of juice. (2) (The bottle is empty now.)
The children have just returned from nursery. (3)
As you see, we use the present perfect tense to express an uncompleted action continuing up to now (1), a completed action. (2). We add just to affirmative sentences to stress that the action happened a short time ago (3).

Exercise 0. Arrange the following to make meaningful sentences.

1. from / Tom / with / university / graduated / a degree / has.
2. this / long / lived / in / how / town / they / have ?
3. have / many / for / how / English / years / studied / you ?
4. Susan / long / how / married / has / been ?
5. not / the interpreter / translated / yet / has / the letter.
6. you / been / have / abroad / ever ?
7. helped / so / not / they / us / have / far.
8. a cheque / with / enclosed / have / also / the letter / the firm / you / to ?
9. decision / yet / haven't / I / made / my.
10. sold / today / have / carpets / to / we / the tourists / a few.

Exercise 1. Complete the centences in present perfect, using the words given.

1. The baby ........................ already ............................ to bed. (go)
2. Dad ............................... just .................................. from work. (return)
3. The sun ......................... . (rise)
4. The architect .................................. for two hours. (work)
5. The war planes ............................... the enemy front since early morning. (bomb)
6. My uncle ............................. exotic flowers in his garden for many years. (grow)
7. The government ............................ to lengthen the period of compulsory primary education to eight years. (decide)
8. The girl ............................... the vase. (drop)
9. The gardener ................................. the lawn. (mow)
10. The bank ............................ alredy ............................. . (close)

 

The present perfect tense

 

Exercise 2. Make questions for the underlined words.

1. Murat has been in hospital for ten days.
2. A famous author has published seven books about Turkish history.
3. Erdal and Erol have gone to Denizli İn their car this morning.
4. We have visited Bursa five times.
5. Ayşe hasn't heard from her brother since he joined the army.
6. Nurcan has worked in a bank as a secretary for two yaers.
7. Ayzer has talked to her husband on the telephone this afternoon.
8. I haven't watched this film before.

Have / Has gone to, have / has been to
Look at the examples.
Mary has gone to the supermarket. (1) (He is still there.)
Tom has been to the supermarket. (2) (He has returned from the supermarket)
As seen above, 'have / has gone to' expresses that somebody went to somewhere but didn't return, that he is still there (1) whereas 'have / has been to' states that a person went somewhere and came back (2).

Exercise 3. Complete the centences, using gone or been according to the situation.

1. I am looking for the secretary. Where has she ...................... ?
2. Hi, George ! Where have you ..................... ?
3. I've not seen you for ages. Where have you ........................ ?
4. There is no sign of sister. Where has she ......................... ?
5. The doctor isn't in his surgery. Where has he .................... ?

Useful pattern sentences 
I have already completed my homework.
We have lived in this town for ten years.
Have you ever been abroad ?

Speaking and writing
1. Write a passage about what you have done today.
2. Write a passage about what good things have happened in our country during the period of the  Turkish Rebuplic.

 

The present perfect tense

 

 

Look at the examples.

Adam has worked as a waiter since the beginning of the year. (1)
I haven't seen him since 1997. (2)
The children have played in the park for one hour. (3)
When we use the present perfect tense with since our for, we stress that we have done the action for a certain period of time. Since refers to the beginning of the action (1,2), for indicates how long the action has continued (3).

Exercise 4. Answer the questions, using since or for together with the words in brackets.

1. How long has Bill attended swimming courses ? (a month)
2. How long have your parents worked as teachers ? (1986)
3. How long have the Browns been in Turkey ? (two weeks)
4. How long have you lived in your present house ? (I was eleven.)
5. How long has your sister taken driving lessons ? (a week)
6. How long has the quest talked to the receptionist ? (a few minutes)
7. How long have they been repairing your car ? (only half an hour)
8. How long have you worn this tie ? (last year)
9. How long has your mother been up ? (5 a.m.)
10. How long have the students been performing the experiment ? (9 o'clock)
ever : at any time
never : at no time

Look at the examples.

Have you ever travelled by plane ?
No, never. / No, I have never travelled by plane.
Has Mary ever been in charge of an office before ?
Yes, she has. She worked as a director of a bank for several years.
As seen above, we use ever in questions, and never in negative answers.

Exercise 5. Answer these questions with your own words.

1. Have you ever flown a kite ?
2. Have you ever travelled by cable car ?
3. Has the boss ever awarded you some money ?
4. Have you ever seen a UFO ?
5. Has you car ever broken down ?
6. Have you ever ridden a camel ?
7. Have your classmates ever told you a lie ?

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