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Phrasal Verbs 1

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Phrasal Verbs 1

break (away/down/in)

break away
  to finish connection with:

Pakistan broke away from India and formed an independent in 1947.

break down  to fail to work:
As his car is old, it often breaks down.

break in  to enter by force:
Thieves broke in the bank and stole all the money.

bring (about/along/before/forward)
bring about  
to cause:

El Nino brought about many floods and severe weather conditions in 1997.

bring along  to bring with you:
Will you please bring your guitar along the party.

bring before
  to force to be present before:

The police brought the suspects before the court as soon as they had been questioned.

bring forward  to introduce:
The opposition party brought forward a draft bill to lengthen the period of primary education.

call (at/for/up)

call at  to visit a place with a special purpose:
Can you call at the post Office for me and buy a few stamps?

call for  to telephone (American English)
You can call me up whenever you want.

catch (in/up/up with)
catch in 
 to find by chance:

It is difficult to catch him in because he rarely comes home.

catch up  to reach; to come level with:
I have study very hard to catch up with my classmate.

catch up with  to get back to previous level
I’ve got a lot of work to catch up with as I was ill last week and I couldnt do my work.

cut (down/off/out/short)

cut down  to fell(trees,etc):
Unfortunately some people cut down a lot of trees illegally for some reasons such as to gain land for farming or to build a house.

cut down  to reduce:
The government have decided to cut down on public expenditures by ten percent in an effort t obring down inflation.

cut off  to disconnect from something:
They cut off the heads of animals for their trophies.

cut off  to stop:
Our electricity supply was cut off as we didnt pay our bill on time.

cut out  to cut from paper/cloth:
The teacher cut out pictures from magazines fort he students to use.

cut out  to remove a picture or article from a magazine/newspaper with scissor:
His hobby is to cut out the pictures of famous sportsmen in newspapers and magazines.

cut short  
to shorten by cutting(1):

to put a premature end to something(2):

(1) She had her hair cut short.
(2) He had to cut his holiday short when he heard that his family had been involved in an accident.

do (away with/up)

do away with  to get rid of something:
Is it necessary to do away with all the furniture?

do away with  to give up using:
It is time to do away with this old car.

do up  to fatsen
Your buttons are undone. Please do them up.

get (off/on)
get off  to leave a vehicle:
Tell the bus driver that you want to get off the bus at Main Street.

get on  to take a place in a vehicle or on a horse,etc:
Before passengers get on a bus, they usually form a queue.

get on with  to advance (1):
to enjoy someones company (2):
(1) How is your daughter getting on with her lessons?
(2) Susan gets on well with Jane. They like the same things.

give (in/up)

give in  to yield:
When their food was all gone, they decided to give in.

give up  to stop doing:
You had better give up drinking alcohol.

turn (on/off)

turn on  to make something start by turning (water,gas,electricity,etc):
It is dark. Please turn on the light.

turn off  to stop working by a switch control:
Before w e go to bed, we turn off the lights.

Exercise 1 .  Use the proper form of the phrasel verbs in the box. (DO/CUT/CATCH)

do up/cut away/cut short/catch up with/cut out/catch in/cut off/cut down

1  They …………..his electric because he didnt pay his electric bill.
2  The children …………………the masks with a pair of scissors.
3  Because of the three-day strike the workers have now got a lot work to …………..with.
4  In the Amazon jungle thousands of trees are …………..by timber companies every year.
5  I called round to see if Jim was at home and luckily I ………..him………….
6  Your shirt buttons are undone. Please ………them………………..
7  The Minister had to …………….his visit when he heard about the incident and return home immediately.
8  Why dont you …………………..the buttons of your jacket?


Exercise 2 .  Use the proper form of the phrasal verbs in the box. (BRING)

bring about/bring along/bring before

1  Can I ………………my friend to your party as I dont want to come alone.
2  The student was ………………the disciplinary board because of his appalling behaviour.
3  I think it must be something he eats that ………………these rashes.
4  Students ………………………their books to school.
5  What ……………………inflation?
6  What is a criminal ……………………..a court?

Exercise 3.  Use the proper form of the phrasal verbs in the box. (BREAK/TURN)

break down/break into/turn on/turn off/break away

1  When you go away on holiday, make sure that you ………….the electricity, the gas and the water.
2  My mothers house was ……………..last night. Thats the third time this year.
3  Talks have …………………between Turkey and Greece over Northern Cyrus.
4  ………………the TV. There is a film I want to see on TV.
5  Please dont ……………. from the crowd.
6  Why did the car ……………?

Phrasal Verbs 1

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