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The Passive Voice ( Simple Present Tense, Simple Past Tense)

The Passive Voice (Simple Present Tense
Simple Past Tense) Hakkında

The Passive Voice ( Simple Present Tense, Simple Past Tense), ALIŞTIRMALAR

 1 –   İngilizce Özel ders ( Bireysel – İngilizce Özel ders )
2 –   İngilizce Özel ders – 4 kişilik gruplarla yapılan  İngilizce Özel ders )



The Passive Voice

The simple present passive

Letters are delivered by a postman. (passive)
subject be + past participle

A postman delivers letters (active)
object

As seen above, the passive form of a simple present tense is formed with to be (is,am or are) + past participle. Pay attention that the object of the active sentence is used as a subject in the passive sentence.

Notice : Transitive verbs can be made passive, but become, fit, have, hold, lack, let, love, resemble and suit etc. cant made passive.

Exercise ı. Make sentences in the simple present tense passive, using the words given.

1   what / tea / drink / out of?
2   rice / grow / in well-watered land.
3   when / tobacco / plant?
4   grapes / pick / in late summer.
5   fruit trees / spray / with insecticides.
6   patients / examine / by a doctor.
7   this room / clean / every day?
8   this machine / power / by electricity.
9   what / a refrigerator / use / for?
10  who / a democratic country / rule / by?
11  where / criminals / tkae / for questioning?
12  what kinds of jobs/ do / on a farm?
13  what / keep / in a barn on a farm?
14  these trees / prune / every year?
15  half of the cotton crop / export / to Europen countries.

Exercise 2.  Ask queations for the underlines words.

1   Electricty is used for lighting our houses.
        a                                                      b

2    Our classroom is cleaned after school.
a                                    b

3   General elections are held every five years.
b                                a                     c

4   Olives are picked in January.
a                                       b

5   Children are inoculated against several illness.
                b                                                                a

Useful pattern sentences

Patients are treated at a hospital. (Active) ..............................
A baby is fed by its mother.(Active) ..............................
Where are Tofaş cars produced? (Active) ..............................
What is done in a lab? (Active) ..............................
Tobacco is grown in various parts of Turkey. (Active) ..............................

Speaking and writing

1   Describe how coffee is made. It's made..........................
2   Describe how the Republic Day is celebrated at your school.It's celebrated....................
3   Describe how a mixed salad is made. It's made.......................
4   Describe how peach jam is made. It's made ..............................
5   Describe how lentil / rice soup is cooked. It's cooked ..........................

The Simple Past Passive

This castle was constructed three centuries ago ( passive)
They constructed this castle three centruies ago. (active)

The allied forces were defeated in the Battle of Dardanelles in 1915 ( passive)
subject

Turkish armies defeated the allied forces in the Battle Of Dardanelles in 1915 (active)

As seen above, we use were or was + past participle to form the simple past passive.

Exercise 3. Make sentences in the simple past tense passive, using the words given.

1   our house / paint / last year.
2   my car / service / a week ago.
3   the last general election / hold three years ago.
4   how many terrorist / catch / yesterday?
5   how long ago / your father / appoint / to this present position?
6   do you kow when this house / build?
7   these walnut trees / plant / when i was child.
8   what / the champion / reward / with?
9   how much / you / pay / for this job?
10   a time bomb / find / in a dustbin at the busiest railway station in town.
11   two matches / play / in this stadium yesterday.
12   the thief / catch / while trying to sell the stolen goods.
13   a hundred questions / ask / in the exam.
14   the fire / put out / within half an hour.
15   these photographs / take / during our wedding.

Useful pattern sentences

The Selimiye Mosque was built by Architect Sinan.
Most ancient cities were surrounded by defensive walls.
Who was the aptient operated on by?

Speaking and writing

1   Write a passage about what preparations were made by Mehmet II before attacking the city of Istanbul and read it out to the class.

2   Write a passage about what inventions were made during the last three centuries.

3   Write a passage about what reforms were made during the period of Atatürk and then read it out to the class.

4   Describe how the last Republic Day was celebrated at your school.

5   Write a passage about when and by whom historical buildings in your region were built.

The Passive Voice ( Simple Present Tense, Simple Past Tense)

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